Jewish American Heritage Month 2016 | EDSITEment

Each May, EDSITEment celebrates Jewish American Heritage Month by pointing to the rich array of educational resources on the history of the Jewish people in America. Many of the programs and websites highlighted have been funded in part by grants from theNational Endowment for the Humanitiesover the past decades.

One of the most innovative ways for students to learn about the Jewish American experience of the early years of the 20th century is through Mission US 4: City of Immigrants, where players navigate New Yorks Lower East Side as Lena, a young Jewish immigrant from Russia. Trying to save money to bring her parents to America, she works long hours in a factory for little money and gets caught up in the growing labor movement.

The idea of America as both a haven and a home for the religious faiths of the myriad diverse groups who, over the centuries, have immigrated to the United States is one that deeply resonates with most Americans. The blessings of religious and political liberty that these immigrants found in America were captured eloquently inGeorge Washingtons letter to the Hebrew Congregation at Newport, Rhode Island in 1790. In this letter, Washington quotes a sentence from the Book of Micah of the Hebrew Bible:

May the children of the stock of Abraham who dwell in this land continue to merit and enjoy the good will of the other inhabitantswhile every one shall sit in safety under his own vine and fig tree and there shall be none to make him afraid.

A few sentences earlier, Washington addresses American Jews as equal fellow citizens (the first time in history that any national leader had done so):

It is now no more that toleration is spoken of as if it were the indulgence of one class of people that another enjoyed the exercise of their inherent natural rights, for, happily, the Government of the United States, which gives to bigotry no sanction, to persecution no assistance, requires only that they who live under its protection should demean themselves as good citizens in giving it on all occasions their effectual support.

Washington’s letter was in response to one written by Moses Seixas, Warden of the Jeshuat Israel Synagogue in Rhode Island. The principles of civil and religious liberty extolled in this letter and embodied in our Constitution encouraged and rewarded active participation in the social, political, and cultural life of the nation with results that will be celebrated in this feature.

A brief history of the Jewish American religious experience in the 19th and 20th centuries can be found in Divining America: Religion in American History from the National Humanities Center.

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A good place to begin if one wants to understand Jewish life in America would beThe Jewish Americans, broadcast on PBS stations and partially funded byNEH. The series website offers a treasure trove of video clips, images, and student interactives on such topics as:

A related NEH-funded website,Jews in America: Our Story,documents the growth of the Jewish community from a group of 23 refugees fleeing from the Portuguese Inquisition in 1654. This comprehensive website on the history and culture includes an interactive historical timeline, with a gallery of over five hundred artifacts drawn from the library, archival, and museum collections of the Center for Jewish History and its partners.

The Humanities magazine article Jewish Pioneers tells the stories of the new lives that European Jews made for themselves west of the Mississippi in the 19th century. According to one scholar there wasnt a single settlement west of the Mississippi of any significance which had not had a Jewish mayor in 1900.

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Over the years, NEH has supported the production of many episodes of the long-running series American Experience. Whether the programs are devoted to well-known figures such as Emma Goldman, the passionate radical, or on the long forgotten New York lawyer,Samuel Leibowitz, who defended the Scottsboro boys, the American Experience website offers new and often surprising insights into the diverse roles that Jewish Americans played in the larger national story.

Another PBS program on American historyThe People v. Leo Franktells the story of the most famous lynching of a white man in American history. According to the program, there were two conflicting legacies of the Frank case, one was the revival of the Klu Klux Klan as an anti-Semitic outfit and the other was the establishment of the Anti-Defamation League as defender of civil rights and social justice for all Americans.

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The Holocaust is one of the greatest tragedies in modern history. Its enormity is difficult for students to comprehend, particularly if it is presented as a general historical event. One effective way of approaching this topic is for students to hear the testimony of individual survivors.Coming of Age in the Holocaust Coming of Age Nowis a free, interactive curriculum for middle and high-school students and their educators created by theMuseum of Jewish HeritageA Living Memorial to the Holocaustin New Yorkand Jewish Resistance Heritage Museum in Israel.

The Diary of Ann Frank remains a classic high school text. EDSITEments lessonsAnne Frank: One of Hundreds of Thousands andAnne Frank: Writeroffer opportunities for your students to examine the historical conditions which impelled Annes family to go into hiding and the writing strategy she employed.

PBSAmerican Mastersoffers rich resources for investigating the exemplary contributions of Jewish Americans to such fields as music, theatre, film, and television. Where would American music be without the dynamic rhythms ofLeonard BernsteinandAaron Copland,or the swinging melodies ofBenny Goodmanand his orchestra? American Theatre would be poorer without the complex characters and conflicts ofArthur Millers plays, the dazzling directing talent ofJerome RobbinsandHarold Clurmanand the brilliant actors developed underthe mentorship of Stella Adler. Similarly, listen to howAllen Ginsbergs life and poemsHowl and Kaddish inspired the counterculture of America in the midpoint of the century or howAnnie Leibovitzturned celebrity photography into an art. It may come as something of a surprise to discover that American Mastersalso produced a program on one of the greatest scientific thinkers of all time, Albert Einstein. Yet he surely deserves recognition in a series devoted to examining the lives, works, and creative processes of our most outstanding cultural artists.

Hank GreenbergandSandy Koufax, two Jewish Americans who excelled at the national pastime, are featured on the Ken Burns series Baseball. Further resources on these legends and other players can be found on Chasing Dreams Baseball and Becoming Americanfrom the National Museum of American Jewish History.

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Jewish American Heritage Month 2016 | EDSITEment

50 States/50 Stories – May is Jewish American Heritage Month

Jewish historical societies and museums across the country are the keepers of colorful, enlightening, and surprising stories about the accomplishments and contributions of American Jewish men and women who have helped to weave the fabric of American history, culture, and society. Meet them here–the inventors, the philanthropists, the pioneers, the entrepreneurs–who have helped to make America great. Do you have a story about a Jewish American contribution to tell? Click here to submit your story for consideration. (JAHM reserves the right to edit or refuse any submission.)

Alabama

Samuel Ullman 1840-1924

Born in Hohenzollern-Hechingen in 1840, Samuel Ullman came to America was he was eleven. After spending many years in Mississippi, Samuel and his wife Emma moved to Birmingham, Alabama in 1884 and opened a hardware store. The same year he arrived in the “Pittsburgh of the South,” Ullman became president of Temple Emanu-El and joined the Birmingham Board of Education, on which he served for eighteen years. In 1899, Ullman persuaded the city to build its first permanent public high school. In board meetings, he would often arouse criticism due to his outspoken support of various controversial issues. He actively lobbied for the education of Birmingham’s black community, and convinced the board to open the Industrial High School for African Americans in 1900. The Birmingham school board later named an African-American high school in Ullman’s honor.

After he lost his hearing and retired from business, Ullman pursued his passion of writing poetry. One of his poems, entitled “Youth,” written while Ullman was in his 70s, was admired by General Douglas MacArthur, who hung a framed copy of it in his office in Tokyo during the years right after World War II and often quoted it during speeches. The poem, which begins with the lines “youth is not a time of life; it is a state of mind” became well-known in Japan due to MacArthur’s influence, and was beloved by many of its residents. More than two decades after his death, Ullman became a celebrated figure in Japan. In 1994, after a joint fund raising effort in Japan and the United States, the University of Alabama at Birmingham opened the Samuel Ullman Museum in his former home.

Text courtesy of Dr. Stuart Rockoff, Director, History Department, Institute of Southern Jewish Life

Alaska

Robert 1878-1974 And Jessie 1887-1980 Bloom

One untold story in American Jewish history is how two Irish Jews, Robert and Jessie Bloom, became Jewish pioneers of the Alaskan frontier.

Robert and Jessie were both raised in Dublin, Ireland. Robert came to Alaska as a young man in search of gold. Instead of riches, Robert found he loved the region and decided to stay, opening a hardware and general merchandise store in Fairbanks.

At age 21, Jessie left Dublin for London, England. There she became involved in the growing women’s suffrage movement. She joined the Women’s Freedom League and worked for passage of a suffrage law by selling pro-suffrage newspapers and attending rallies.

Robert and Jessie met in Dublin in 1910 and were married in 1912. Shortly thereafter the newlyweds moved to Alaska.

Together, the Blooms brought their Jewish identity to the frontier and helped create a Jewish community where none had previously existed. Robert was a founder of Congregation Bikkur Cholim in Fairbanks and served as chairman of Alaska’s Jewish Welfare Board. The couple also served as unofficial chaplains for Jewish servicemen stationed in Alaska during World War II.

The Blooms were involved in many activities during their long lives working in business and culture while always respecting the beauty and nature of Alaska’s wilderness. Robert Bloom helped to establish the first Air Force base in Alaska and was a founder of the University of Alaska (1918). Meanwhile, Jessie Spiro Bloom founded the Fairbanks kindergarten and first Girl Scout chapter in the state (1925).

The papers of Robert L. and Jessie S. Bloom reside at The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives on the historic Cincinnati campus of the Hebrew Union CollegeJewish Institute of Religion.

Arizona

Freeda Lewis 1885-1946

Born in Sellel, Russia, Freeda Lewis immigrated to Ontario, Canada as small child. She married a young lawyer named Barnett E. Marks in 1903, and in 1906 they moved to Phoenix, Arizona. An energetic volunteer and ardent Republican, Freeda served as legislative chairman of the Central Arizona District Federation of Women’s Clubs and president of the Phoenix section of the Council of Jewish Women. Her volunteer activities propelled her into political life where she held several significant appointed and elected posts in Arizona government.

Freeda Marks was not only a pioneer of women politicians, but an important Republican figure in the 20th century. She served as a national Republican committeewoman from 1920 to 1922, a 1922 minority leader in the legislature, and an elected associate member of the national committee as the Arizona member of the Republican national committee in 1928 at a time when there were only 2 Republican members. She was also an elected representative of Maricopa County in the sixth legislature and the Republican nominee for the speaker of the house.

Freeda was well liked by Arizona citizens and respected by her political peers. However, the Arizona activist was sometimes controversial. Not afraid to speak her mind, she once told the newspapers that “Senator Harrison needs to live and learn” when he criticized the presidential candidate, Calvin Coolidge.

Freeda retained her identity as a Jewish woman by remaining involved in Jewish charitable organizations throughout her life. Her tenacity and intelligence earned her general public admiration and local and national prominence.

Text courtesy of Emily Jacobson, Arizona Jewish Historical Society

Arkansas

Jane Mendel 1924-2006

In 1957, the court-ordered integration of Central High School was the first serious test of the Supreme Courts recent Brown v Board of Education ruling. Led by Governor Orval Faubus, the forces of resistance pulled out all the stops in their efforts to thwart the courts ruling. For Jane Mendel, staying on the sidelines was not an option. Born and raised in Toledo, Ohio, Mendel moved to Little Rock at age 19 after she married local boy Edwin Mendel. When the governor shut down Little Rocks public high school in September of 1958 rather than integrate, Mendel and other women created the Womens Emergency Committee to Open Our Schools (WEC) to fight against it.

The WEC became the public face of the fight for integrated public schools in Little Rock. Mendel was the keeper of the WECs top-secret telephone chain master list. When they needed the groups membership to mobilize, Mendel would activate the telephone chain. Through this system, over 2000 members could be reached in a short period of time. With Mendel at the helm, the WEC phone chain was able to quickly rally public opinion against segregationist proposals. Mendel was one of many Jewish women in Little Rock who were involved in the WEC.

An active member of the Little Rock Jewish community, the Jewish Federation created the Jane Mendel Tikkun Olam Award in 2003 to honor Jewish community leaders who fulfill the mitzvah of repairing the world. Jane Mendel died on January 20, 2006, after a lifetime of working to make her community a better place for everyone.

Text courtesy of Dr. Stuart Rockoff, Director, History Department, Institute of Southern Jewish Life

California

THELMA (TIBY) EISEN 1922-present

One of the most versatile and talented Jewish professional athletes in America was Gertrude “Tiby” Eisen. Born in Los Angeles in 1922, Tiby Eisen was a star of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, the only professional women’s league in baseball history. The women’s hardball league lasted from 1943 to 1954. One of at least four Jewish women in the AAGPBL, Eisen was its only Jewish superstar and a pioneer in American women’s sports.

The young Eisen was an outstanding athlete in her native Los Angeles and started playing semi-pro softball at age 14. When the AAGPBL was formed in 1943, Eisen won a spot on the Milwaukee team, which moved the next year to Grand Rapids, Michigan. Eisen’s best season was in 1946, when she led the AAGPBL in triples, stole 128 bases and made the all-star team.

Eisen’s family was ambivalent about the career choice this “nice Jewish girl” had made, although she ultimately won their respect. “We played a big charity game in Chicago for a Jewish hospital,” Eisen recalled in an interview with historian David Spaner. “My name and picture were in every Jewish newspaper. My uncle, who had said, ‘You shouldn’t be playing baseball you’ll get a bad reputation, a bad name,’ was in the stands . . . bursting with pride that I was there.”

When Eisen retired from professional baseball 1952, she settled in the Pacific Palisades area of Los Angeles and became a star for the Orange Lionettes softball team, leading them to a world championship. In 1993, she helped establish the women’s exhibit at the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, NY. Eisen told David Spaner, “We’re trying to record this so we have our place in history. It’s important to keep our baseball league in the limelight. It gets pushed into the background … [just as] women have been pushed into the background forever. If they knew more about our league, perhaps in the future some women will say, ‘Hey, maybe we can do it again.’”

Text courtesy of American Jewish Historical Society.

Colorado

Frances Wisebart Jacobs 1843-1892

Frances Wisebart Jacobs was a young bride of twenty in 1863 when she accompanied her new husband by covered wagon from Cincinnati to their first home in Central City, a burgeoning silver boom mining town about thirty miles west of Denver, in the Colorado Territory. In 1870, the family relocated to nearby Denver, where Bavarian-born Abraham became active in business and politics and Frances soon became an icon in the area of philanthropy, becoming known as Denver’s “Mother of Charities.” In 1872, Jacobs helped organize and soon served as president of the Hebrew Ladies’ Benevolent Society, and in 1874 she helped found the nonsectarian Denver Ladies’ Relief Society, primarily to aid Denver’s ill and impoverished, and served as the organization’s first vice president.

In 1887, Mrs. Jacobs, along with Reverend Myron Reed and Father William O’Ryan, organized a federation of Denver charities that was the forerunner of the Community Chest, which, in turn, evolved into the modern, national United Way. Especially concerned with the plight of tuberculosis victims, Frances was also the primary impetus behind the founding of the National Jewish Hospital for Consumptives (NJH), which opened in Denver in 1899 and served thousands of patients from all over the United States. In 1900, when sixteen portraits of pioneers were selected to be placed in the windows of the dome of the Colorado state capitol building, Jacobs was chosen as one of the small elite group and the only woman. When she died in 1892 at the age of forty-nine, nearly 2,000 people attended her funeral in recognition of her impact on philanthropy in Colorado.

Text courtesy of Jeanne Abrams, Rocky Mountain Jewish Historical Society and Beck Archives, Center for Judaic Studies and Penrose Library, University of Denver.

Ed Stein 1946-

Political cartoonist Ed Stein is a brilliant and an important member of the Denver community. Born November 22, 1946, Ed is an American cartoonist and former editorial cartoonist for the now-closed Rocky Mountain News in Denver. Stein drew editorial cartoons five days a week, and previously published a local daily comic strip called Denver Square. He continues to draw editorial cartoons, which are syndicated by United Media, and have been printed in newspapers across the world in many languages. On September 20, 2010, he launched a syndicated national comic strip, entitled “Freshly Squeezed.”

Ed Stein’s story is part of the Community Narratives Project, a video element of the Mizel Museum’s permanent exhibit, 4,000 Year Road Trip: Gathering Sparks. The project began in 2008 as a collaboration with the Center for Digital Storytelling to augment an exhibit called Voices of Resilience. Mizel Museum staff has built the collection of short digital stories to over 45, with an additional 15 audio-only segments about community members with stories from the Pale of Settlement during the Holocaust. The stories are a great vehicle for the museum to share the life experiences of the Denver Jewish community, as well as to teach about Jewish life and culture, immigration, and inspiring accounts from individuals who are working to repair the world. Community Narratives Project stories can be viewed in the permanent exhibit and on iPads that can be checked out during your museum visit.

Here is Ed Stein’s digital story: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CDuNT9TgRgE

Text courtesy of Mizel Museum

Connecticut

Louis “Kid” Kaplan 190001-1970

Louis “Kid” Kaplan was born in 1901 or 1902 in Russia. When he was a boy, his family came to Meriden, Connecticut, where his father became a junk dealer. After a grade school education, Kaplan entered boxing and had his first professional match at the age of 19. Kaplan became boxing’s World Featherweight Champion in 1925. He was considered by Ring Record Book to be one of the ten best featherweights of all time. In addition to his skill, he became known for his sportsmanship and integrity, refusing to “throw” matches for money. Retiring undefeated in 1933, Kaplan became an insurance agent under Abraham Goldstein, owned a liquor store, and opened a restaurant in Hartford. Kaplan died in 1970.

Text courtesy of Jewish Historical Society of Greater Hartford

Annie Fisher 1883-1968

Annie Fisher devoted her life to public school education in Hartford, instituting many reforms aimed at aiding immigrant children and those with special needs. Fisher came to America as a child with her family to escape the persecution of Jews in Russia. She received a scholarship to attend Wesleyan University during the Wesleyans early experiment with co-education. After graduation, Fisher returned to Hartford to teach. She received her first full-time position at Barnard School only because she could speak the language of the large immigrant population. Realizing that students of vastly different ages were being put in class together without testing or special help, Fisher evaluated students and designed programs that fit their skills. Fisher wrote two English textbooks for the foreign-born that were in use for many years. Fisher became Hartford’s first female district superintendent and first female principal, but sometimes had to suffer the prejudices of colleagues who didn’t want to accept a female or a Jew in these positions. Gradually, however, she won the respect of her colleagues who saw value in her reforms. She also worked on gaining reforms in salary and pensions for both female teachers and teachers in general. When she retired in 1945, Fisher was held in great esteem and a Hartford elementary school was later named in her honor.

Text courtesy of Jewish Historical Society of Greater Hartford

Florida

Moses Elias Levy 1782-1854 And David Levy Yulee 1810-1886

Moses Elias Levy was one of the antebellum South’s most influential and interesting Jews. Born in Morocco where his father was a courtier to the sultan, through his career as a merchant shipper in the Caribbean, he was also one of the earliest and largest developers in Florida. He purchased 92,000 acres that were part of the Arredondo Spanish land grant by 1819.

As a refuge for Jews fleeing persecution in Europe, Moses Levy founded Pilgrimage Plantation, the first Jewish communitarian settlement in America, in 1822. At least five German Jewish families lived there. The 1,000-acre plantation operated until 1835 and contained houses, a sugar mill, saw mill, corn mill, stable and blacksmith shop. Levy reintroduced sugar cane and fruit trees to Florida as viable crops and established the first sugar cane plantation in Alachua County.

Pilgrimage was the first residence in Florida of “the architect of Florida” David Levy Yulee, a son of Moses Levy. Yulee (the family’s ancestral name in Morocco), brought Florida into statehood in 1845; was Florida’s first U. S. Senator; the first person of Jewish ancestry to serve in the U.S. Congress; and built Florida’s first cross-state railroad.

Moses Levy was a civil rights activist and America’s first Jewish abolitionist author in 1828. An early advocate of public education for both boys and girls, he was instrumental in establishing Florida’s first free public school in St. Augustine and served as the territory’s first education commissioner.

Text courtesy of Marcia Jo Zerivitz, Founding Executive Director, Jewish Museum of Florida

Georgia

Louis Cohen 1849-1937

A banker, a railroad magnate, a public servant, and a philanthropist. All of these adjectives describe Louis Cohen of Sandersville, Georgia, a man whose community involvement helped to improve the lives of the people of Central Georgia.

Born in Germany in 1849 Louis Cohen immigrated with his parents to Georgia in 1852. Louis was raised in Americus, Georgia, and moved to Sandersville in 1877, where he established a general merchandise business. In 1885, along with Morris Happ, he established a banking house that later became the Banking House of Louis Cohen. Financial institutions, which had flourished in Georgia prior to the Civil War were few and far between in the next several decades which followed. The Banking House of Louis Cohen was one of only two in operation between Macon and Savannah. According to one account, the bank had worked a local miracle it “had emancipated our merchants from the bondage of the cotton factor and for the first time in history made the average merchant a free man.”

Described as “a conspicuous and worthy representative of that class of American citizens, native-born and naturalized, who have done so much toward rehabilitation the south and developing her magnificent possibilities,” Cohen led the campaign for the construction of the Sandersville and Tennille railway, serving as its president. This three mile shortline railroad is still in existence, providing excellent freight service to Washington County. In addition to his interests in the railroad and banking Cohn helped to establish the Sandersville-Tennile Telephone Company which later merged with Southern Bell, is credited with installing the first electric light system in Sandersville, served on the school board for 30 years, and was elected mayor of Sandersville in 1887.

Text courtesy of Sandy Berman, Archivist, The Breman Jewish Heritage & Holocaust Museum

Iowa

Louise Rosenfield Noun 1908-2002

Louise Rosenfield Noun, social activist, art collector, author, philanthropist, and co-founder of the Iowa Women’s Archives, was born in Des Moines, Iowa, to Meyer and Rose Rosenfield. Noun graduated from Grinnell College in 1929 and received her M.A. in art history from Harvard in 1933.

Noun is widely recognized for her leadership and commitment to a number of organizations and causes. She served as president of the Des Moines chapter of the League of Women Voters in 1948, the Iowa Civil Liberties Union from 1964 to 1972, and the Des Moines chapter of the National Organization for Women (NOW) from 1974 to 1976. She was a charter member of the Iowa Women’s Political Caucus and instrumental in establishing the Young Women’s Resource Center in Des Moines and the Chrysalis Foundation to provide assistance to Iowa women. Noun was elected to the Iowa Women’s Hall of Fame in 1981.

Louise Noun is also the author of several books including Strong-Minded Women: The Emergence of the Woman-Suffrage Movement in Iowa (1969); More Strong-Minded Women: Iowa Feminists Tell Their Stories (1992); Iowa Women in the WPA (1999); and Leader and Pariah: Annie Savery and the Campaign for Women’s Rights in Iowa (2002, posthumously).

With the sale from her collection of Frida Kahlo’s painting Self-Portrait with Loose Hair, Noun was able to endow the Iowa Women’s Archives (University of Iowa) along with her co-founder, Mary Louise Smith. The archives opened in 1992 as a repository for primary source material that documents the lives and experience of Iowa women.

This text is a condensed version of the finding aid for the Louise Rosenfield Noun papers at the Iowa Women’s Archives.

Alexander Levi 1809-1893

Alexander Levi has been credited with being the “founder of Jewry in Iowa.” He was born March 13, 1809 in Alsace, a province on France’s eastern border with Germany. Levi came to Dubuque on August 1, 1833, and opened a grocery store there. Over the years, he expanded his commercial operations into dry good, clothing and also the lead mining operations that were pivotal in the early settlement of Dubuque. Levi’s business interests were successful and he became one of Dubuque’s most prominent leaders. In 1847 Alexander Levi traveled back to France to marry a distant cousin, Minette Levi. They ultimately had five children: Eliza, Emile, Gustave, Celine (Celia), and Eugene.

In addition to his charitable contributions for Jewish causes, Levi’s philanthropy extended to the Presbyterian and Catholic Churches in Dubuque. He was instrumental in the formation of Dubuques first Jewish Congregation in the 1860s and contributed land for the Jewish section that became known as the Alexander Levi Cemetery Association of Dubuque. Alexander Levi died in Dubuque on March 31, 1893 and is buried in the cemetery section that he established. A tall obelisk marks the grave of Iowas first Jewish Pioneer.

In 1837, Levi traveled to St. Louis along with several other foreign born residents of the Iowa Territory. The story is told that as these men were standing in line waiting to become official citizens of the United States, the gentleman in front of Levi asked him to change places because he wanted to observe the process before taking part in it. Whether or not these were the actual circumstances in St. Louis, Alexander Levi is the first recorded foreigner to become a naturalized citizen in Iowa. Even more astounding is the fact that Iowa is the only state in the American Union in which the first naturalized citizen was a person of Jewish faith.

Text courtesy of the Iowa Jewish Historical Society, written by David Gradwohl for the Society’s newsletter, The CHAIowan 1 (1), 1998.

Louisiana

Judah Touro 1775-1854

Raised in Rhode Island, where his father was the leader of the Newport congregation, Judah Touro arrived in New Orleans in 1801. Using his contacts in New England, Touro built a successful trading businesses as a broker and wholesaler of goods made in the northeast and Europe. Touro purchased a lot of property in New Orleans as the city emerged as a commercial center of the American South. During the Battle of New Orleans, Touro fought heroically and suffered a serious wound. After his injury, Touro became a recluse, rarely venturing out in public as he continued to manage his significant financial interests.

Touro was not involved in the founding of the citys first Jewish congregation, and at first seemed more interested in supporting local Christian churches. He had bought a pew in a local Episcopal Church and bought the building of First Presbyterian Church so the congregation would not be evicted. Later in his life, Touro began to offer more financial support to Jewish institutions in the city, donating a building to the new congregation Dispersed of Judah. He also helped the Gates of Mercy congregation in their fundraising drive to build a synagogue. In 1854, he established Touro Infirmary, a charity hospital supported by the local Hebrew Benevolent Association. When Touro died in 1854, his will included many donations to Jewish institutions around the country, including over $100,000 to Jewish causes in New Orleans. Touro, who had little contact with the organized Jewish community during his lifetime, had become the first great Jewish philanthropist, whose largesse benefited congregations across the United States.

Text courtesy of Dr. Stuart Rockoff, Director, History Department, Institute of Southern Jewish Life

Maryland

Henrietta Szold 1860-1945

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50 States/50 Stories – May is Jewish American Heritage Month

National American Indian Heritage Month | Law Library of …

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National American Indian Heritage Month celebrates and recognizes the accomplishments of the peoples who were the original inhabitants, explorers and settlers of the United States.

National American Indian Heritage Month had its origins in 1986 when Congress passed Pub. L. 99-471 (PDF, 93KB) which authorized and requested the President to proclaim the week of November 23-30, 1986 as American Indian Week. As directed by Congress, President Reagan issued Presidential Proclamation 5577 (external link) in November 1986 proclaiming the first American Indian Week. Both law and proclamation recognized the American Indians as the first inhabitants of the lands that now constitute the United States as well as making mention of their contributions to American society:

In 1987 Congress passed Pub. L. 100-171 which again called upon the President to designate the week of November 22-28, 1987 as American Indian Week while in 1988 Congress passed Pub. L. 100-450 which designated the week of September 23-30, 1988 as National American Indian Heritage Week. According to Pub. L. 100-450 this change from November to September was made because the last week of September begins the harvest season in the United States. Then in 1989 Congress passed Pub. L. 101-188 which asked the President to proclaim the week of December 3-9, 1989 as National American Indian Heritage Week.

As requested by Congress, Presidents Reagan and George Bush issued annual proclamations in 1987, 1988, and 1989 for National American Indian Week, honoring the achievements of the American Indians.

In 1990 Congress passed Pub. L. 101-343 (PDF, 211KB) which authorized and requested the President to issue a proclamation designating the month of November 1990 as National American Indian Heritage Month. Congress chose the month of the November to recognize the American Indians as this month concluded the traditional harvest season and was generally a time of thanksgiving and celebration for the American Indians. President George W. Bush issued Presidential Proclamation 6230 (external link) which paid tribute to the rich history and culture of the American Indian tribes. In 1991 Congress passed Pub. L. 102-123 which authorized and requested the President proclaim the months of November 1991 and 1992 as National American Indian Heritage Month. Congress passed Pub. L. 103-462 authorized the President to proclaim November 1993 and 1994 as National American Indian Heritage Month.

Since 1995 Presidents Clinton, George W. Bush and Obama have issued annual proclamations which designate November as National American Indian Heritage Month. These proclamations celebrate the contributions of the American Indians and urge the peoples of the United States to learn more about the American Indian cultures.

The public laws between 1986 and 1988 which designate a week in November as American Indian Heritage Week are published in the United States Statutes at Large which is available at many Federal depository libraries. The specific citations are as follows:

Presidential Proclamations and Executive Orders have been used by presidents to rule on substantive issues of law; to administrate the executive branch of government; and to make general announcements to the public. These general announcements which exhort the public to observe a holiday such as Thanksgiving or honor a particular group of citizens as in National Black History Month are usually issued in the form of a Presidential Proclamation. On many occasions Congress will pass a law specifically requesting the President to take certain action such as proclaiming the recognition of a particular group of citizens as Jewish or Hispanic Americans.

Listed below are links to the Presidential Proclamations for American Indian Week or National American Indian Heritage Month beginning with 1986 along with the citations to the Code of Federal Regulations or the Federal Register the official publications for Presidential Proclamations.

Presidential proclamations as well as Presidential statements, messages, remarks for National American Indian Heritage Month between 1997-2010 can be searched from the Government Printing Offices Advanced Search page in the collections for the Code of Federal Regulations, the Compilation of Presidential Documents and the Federal Register.

Presidential proclamations for the annual observances of American Indian Week and National American Indian Heritage Month between 1986-1996 can be browsed through American Presidency Project (external link) by selecting the year and clicking on the Display button.

Treaties and agreements between the United States and the American Indian peoples between 1778 and 1971 can be found in Kapplers Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties (external link).

Library of Congress: Native American Heritage Month

National Indian Law Library (external link)

American Indian Library Association (external link)

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Jewish American Heritage Month Local Hero: Janice … – KCET

… against genocide and mass atrocities is at the heart of Janice Kamenir-Reznik and Jewish World Watch (JWW), the nonprofit she co-founded and …

Janice Kamenir-Reznik is a 2013 Local Heroes honoree for Jewish …

In 2013, when Harry Corre was selected as a Local Hero for Jewish American Heritage Month, the 90-year-old was … year when he was selected as an honoree for the Local Heroes Jewish American Heritage Month. Although we were unable to get in …

… Justice – Humanitarian Award and the 2011 Kokoro – Local Community Heroes Awards. To learn more about the Little Tokyo Service Center, …

Local Heroes recognized activists, educators, community leaders, and visionaries — … We are currently seeking sponsorship for the Local Heroes program and therefore will not have Local Heroes …

Union Bank and KCET are looking for outstanding men and women who have made significant contributions to improve our community. These are the nomination guidelines.

… television station, will broadcast its annual Local Heroes Awards Cultural Diversity Celebration on Nov. … the Emmy, duPont-Columbia and Peabody Award-winning SoCal Connected , a hard-hitting prime-time weekly television news program …

… fusion group that formed twelve years ago as part of a local labor protest. As a group, they have won several major music awards, … fusion group that formed twelve years ago as part of a local labor protest. As a group, they have won several major music awards, …

Local Heroes Celebration 2014, hosted by Val Zavala, is a 60-minute program that … of 12 outstanding community leaders. The 2014 Local Heroes Award honorees include: Florencia Molina comes to community …

… in collaboration with Union Bank, launched the annual Local Heroes Awards in celebration of national commemorative heritage months. The …

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Jewish American Heritage Month Local Hero: Janice … – KCET

National Native American Heritage Month 2016 – Days Of Year

November, 2016 is National Native American Heritage Month 2016. Native American Missions Native American Christian Missions. 95+ Mission Trips to choose from

Yeah they should publicize the other minority’s months, because it’s be nice to learn about the histories of other races. Yeah they do have months for all minorities. Yeah Native American month(National American Indian Heritage Month) is in November. Asians got a month (Asian Pacific American History Month) it’s in May. Hispanic Heritage Month is on September 15 – October 12. They even have months for white people like Greek-American Heritage Month, Irish-American Heritage Month (both in March), Jewish-American Heritage Month (in May), German-American Heritage Month, National Italian-American Heritage Month, and Polish-American Heritage Month (all the.rest in October). There even have National Tartan Day (Scottish-American) on April 6th. But they just aren’t well-known. I still don’t get why the others aren’t talk about more often. I think they reason why Black History month is more popular than the rest is because of slavery, civil right movement, etc. people tend to forget about the other races. I think some people tend to think that hispanics just recently cross the border and Asians just recently got off the boat. I don’t think a lot of people realizes that these people both here for awhile too. A continuous Hispanic presence in the territory of the United States has existed since the 16th century, earlier than any other group after the Native American. Asians been here since 1763 when Filipinos established the small settlement of Saint Malo in the bayous of current-day Louisiana after fleeing mistreatment aboard Spanish ships. Chinese first come to here(Hawaii) in 1778. Some Island-born Chinese can claim to be 7th generation.

So if you didn’t want to read what I wrote up there pretty much what I’m saying is that every race deserve to have there history told not just black people. So maybe if more people become aware of the other heritage months, maybe they will become more well-known and have commericals for them and we have more people celebriting them.

March

Greek-American Heritage Month

Irish-American Heritage Month

April 6th

National Tartan Day (Scottish-American)

May

Asian Pacific American History Month

Jewish-American Heritage Month

June

Caribbean-American Heritage Month

September 15 – October 12

Hispanic Heritage Month

October

German-American Heritage Month

National Italian-American Heritage Month

Polish-American Heritage Month

November

National American Indian Heritage Month

Black History Month?

Not to answer your question with a question, but which is it that you want to do: stop talking about black history, or incorporate it in history-at-large? Black History Month, National Hispanic Heritage Month, Asian Pacific American Heritage Month, Native American Heritage Month, LGBT History Month, Women’s History Month, and Jewish American Heritage Month all exist because members of these groups are historically underrepresented in the teaching of history. Their accomplishments and contributions to society are all too often deemed inconsequential and not worth discussing. These communities have taken it on themselves to promote historical figures and events as a way to remember the past and to educate the public. If all you’ve learned about black history in your lifetime is slavery, MLK, Rosa Parks, and Malcolm X, some of the fault is yours. There is a treasure trove of information available to anyone who’s interested. The best part is, it’s available all year long.

Why are there no Native American days designated as National Holidays?

Yes, the government acknowledges it. However, most school districts fail to follow suite.

“November is Native American Heritage Month –

The Library of Congress, National Archives and Records Administration, National Endowment for the Humanities, National Gallery of Art, National Park Service, Smithsonian Institution and United States Holocaust Memorial Museum join in paying tribute to the rich ancestry and traditions of Native Americans.”

Maybe you need to expand the websites you references. Anything that ends in .gov or .edu is a legit resource.

Or you could always do your research and submit your own info into wikepedia.

Edit: Just read the rest of your question. We DO have Native American Music Awards. Google NAMA or Nammy. Or check out this site:

They just aren’t as publisicied as the other awards programs. A relative of mine was runner up in the hip-hop rap category.

Why? I don’t know. I think probably it would hurt Hollywood if people realized we look nothing like what they tell the world we should look like. And, in all honesty, if all the non-Natives seen us as people- just like everyone else, they might expect the governent to treat us as such.

Continue reading here:
National Native American Heritage Month 2016 – Days Of Year

Jewish American Heritage Month – Wikipedia, the free …

Jewish American Heritage Month

President Obama welcomes guests to 2010 JAHM White House reception.

Jewish American Heritage Month (JAHM) is an annual recognition and celebration of Jewish American achievements in and contributions to the United States of America. It is observed annually in the U.S. during the month of May.[1]

JAHM was set into law by President George W. Bush in 2006, according to the Jewish American Heritage Month Coalition. This is the achievement of Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-FL) and Sen. Arlen Specter (D-PA), as well as the Jewish Museum of Florida and the South Florida Jewish Community.[2] A similar month exists in Florida as Florida Jewish History Month but it occurs in January.[3]

President George W. Bush announced that May would be Jewish American Heritage Month in April 2006. The announcement was an achievement in the effort of the Jewish Museum of Florida and South Florida Jewish Community leaders for a celebration of Jewish Americans and Jewish American Heritage.

Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-FL) and Sen. Arlen Specter (D-PA) urged the president to proclaim a month that would recognize the more than 350-year history of Jewish contributions to America and the American culture. The resolutions were passed unanimously, first in the United States House of Representatives in December 2005 and later in the United States Senate in February 2006.[4]

The Jewish American Heritage Month Coalition states that, “JAHM also enables the exploration of the meaning of religious pluralism, cultural diversity, and participation in American civic culture.”[5]

According to Library of Congress hosted website, JewishHeritageMonth.gov, May was chosen as the month of Jewish American Heritage Month because of the successful 350th Anniversary Celebration of Jews in America.[6]

Celebration of Jewish American Heritage Month is encouraged on a national level. In some schools, assemblies have been held in celebration.

JAHM has been recognized in Madison Square Garden in New York City. It has also been recognized in some Jewish museums. Additionally, some institutions, including the Library of Congress, have included shorter periods within the month for special lectures, programs, or displays, such as the Library of Congress “Jewish Heritage Week” lecture series.

On May 10, 2010, the White House issued a press release noting that on Thursday, May 27, 2010,

President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama will host the first ever White House reception in honor of Jewish American Heritage Month. The reception serves as an opportunity to highlight and celebrate the range and depth of Jewish American heritage and contributions to American culture, with guests representing the many walks of life that have helped weave the fabric of American history. Invitees include a range of community leaders and prominent Jewish Americans from Olympians and professional athletes to members of Congress, business leaders, scholars, military veterans, and astronauts.

At the May 27, 2010, reception, President Obama welcomed the invited guests, which included “members of the House and Senate, two justices of the Supreme Court, Olympic athletes, entrepreneurs, Rabbinical scholars”, and he made special mention of Sandy Koufax, famous in the Jewish community for refusing to play baseball on Yom Kippur. He praised “the diversity of talents and accomplishments” that the Jewish community had brought to the United States since pre-Revolutionary times, saying that, “Even before we were a nation, we were a sanctuary for Jews seeking to live without the specter of violence or exile,” from the time “a band of 23 Jewish refugees to a place called New Amsterdam more than 350 years ago.”[7][8]

President Obama scheduled a second White House reception in honor of JAHM for May 17, 2011.[9] The Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA) reported that it was “less formal than the inaugural one last year, with brief remarks and a small Marine Corps band playing klezmer music.”[10] The President noted the presence, among others, of Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Elie Wiesel, and Representative Debbie Wasserman Schultz, newly appointed as Chair of the Democratic National Committee.[10]

In his remarks, President Obama noted that Jewish Americans “persevered despite unspeakable discrimination and adversity at times.”[11] Despite the challenges these American Jews faced, the President noted their achievements in “the arts, science, the military, business and industry, and in public and community service.”[11] In his remarks, he said:

“This month is a chance for Americans of every faith to appreciate the contributions of the Jewish people throughout our history – often in the face of unspeakable discrimination and adversity. For hundreds of years, Jewish Americans have fought heroically in battle and inspired us to pursue peace. Theyve built our cities, cured our sick. Theyve paved the way in the sciences and the law, in our politics and in the arts. They remain our leaders, our teachers, our neighbors and our friends. Not bad for a band of believers who have been tested from the moment that they came together and professed their faith. The Jewish people have always persevered. And thats why today is about celebrating the people in this room, the thousands who came before, the generations who will shape the future of our country and the future of the world.”[12]

In addition, a Marine Corps band playing klezmer music, and the “Maccabeats,” a Yeshiva University a cappella group, provided entertainment.[10]

In addition to signing the proclamation marking May 2015 as the annual Jewish American Heritage Month, the White House shared plans for an address by President Obama on May 22, 2015 at Adas Israel Congregation, a large Washington, D.C. synagogue.[13] The date of the visit coincides with Solidarity Sabbath, a Lantos Foundation for Human Rights and Justice initiative asking world leaders to show support for the fight against anti-semitism.[13]

Since 2006, JAHM programs have taken place across the country, but in March 2007 the JAHM Coalition was formed and convened by United Jewish Communities (now The Jewish Federations of North America), The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives, the Jewish Women’s Archive (JWA), (AJA) and the American Jewish Historical Society (AJHS), to encourage and support future programs. The JAHM Coalition is composed of the directors of major national Jewish historical and cultural organizations including the AJA, AJHS, JWA, the National Museum of American Jewish History, the Council of American Jewish Museums (CAJM), Jewish Museum of Florida, and the Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington. In 2009, the Coalition named a national coordinator.[14]

(federal) = federal holidays, (state) = state holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (week) = weeklong holidays, (month) = monthlong holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies Bolded text indicates major holidays that are commonly celebrated by Americans, which often represent the major celebrations of the month.[1][2]

Read this article:
Jewish American Heritage Month – Wikipedia, the free …

Native American Indian Heritage Month – Wikipedia, the …

On August 3, 1990 President of the United States George H. W. Bush declared the month of November as National American Indian Heritage Month, thereafter commonly referred to as Native American Heritage Month. First sponsor of “American Indian Heritage Month” was through the American Indian Heritage Foundation by the founder Pale Moon Rose, of Cherokee-Seneca descent and an adopted Ojibwa, whose Indian name Win-yan-sa-han-wi “Princess of the Pale Moon” was given to her by Alfred Michael “Chief” Venne [1][1]

The Bill read in part that the President has authorized and requested to call upon Federal, State and local Governments, groups and organizations and the people of the United States to observe such month with appropriate programs, ceremonies and activities. This was a landmark Bill honoring Americas Tribal people.

This commemorative month aims to provide a platform for Native people in the United States of America to share their culture, traditions, music, crafts, dance, and ways and concepts of life. This gives Native people the opportunity to express to their community, both city, county and state officials their concerns and solutions for building bridges of understanding and friendship in their local area.

Federal Agencies are encouraged to provide educational programs for their employees regarding Native American history, rights, culture and contemporary issues, to better assist them in their jobs and for overall awareness.

101st Congress Public Law 101-343 November 1990 National American Indian Heritage Month

101st Congress Public Law 101-188 December 39, 1989 (American Indian Week)

100th Congress Public Law 100-450, September 2330, 1988 (American Indian Week)

100th Congress Public Law 100-171, November 2228, 1987 (American Indian Week)

99th Congress Public Law 99-471, November 2330, 1986 (American Indian Week)

97th Congress Public Law 97-445, May 13, 1983 (American Indian Day)

Presidential Proclamation Native American Heritage Month 2013

(federal) = federal holidays, (state) = state holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (week) = weeklong holidays, (month) = monthlong holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies Bolded text indicates major holidays that are commonly celebrated by Americans, which often represent the major celebrations of the month.[1][2]

Original post:
Native American Indian Heritage Month – Wikipedia, the …

Annual Russian Heritage Month Russian American Foundation

The Annual Russian Heritage Month celebrates and honors the rich diversity of cultural traditions brought to the U.S. from the many countries of the former Soviet Union. The Russian-speaking community plays an indispensable role in the culture, economic and social life of New York, the US and the world. The Annual Russian Heritage Month honors their contributions and affords the opportunity to showcase their talents. The Annual Russian Heritage Month has become a unifying force of our community by allowing its members, who hail from across the former Soviet Union, to preserve their heritage, culture, and language while also expressing their cultural identity.

The annual celebration of arts and culture takes place throughout the month of June in New York City. The Annual Russian Heritage Month is the only event of its kind in the U.S. and every year attracts a large diverse audience to enjoy diverse cultural events, such as contemporary and folk music, dance performances, art exhibitions, public festivals, health and sports fairs, business expos, and more.

The Annual Russian Heritage Month was established by the Russian American Foundation in collaboration with The City of New York, Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg, and the Daily News in 2003. The festival began as a week-long series of events, celebrating cultural andeconomic contributions of the Russian-speaking community of New York. Over the years, the international Russian-speaking communityhas become a vital part of the celebration by participating in events and attending as special guests from the art, fashion, Foreign Service and business worlds. RAF is greatly honored to partner with the New York Post in presenting the Annual Russian Heritage Month for the last four years.

Over the past 13 years the Annual Russian Heritage Month has grown into an internationally recognized month-long celebration dedicated to promoting cross-community awareness, as well as a valuable local, national and international dialogue between peoples and cultures. The Annual Russian Heritage Month traditionally opens with a reception at the Temple of Dendur in the Sackler Wing of the Metropolitan Museum of Art attended by the Mayor of New York City and culminates with Together in New York Annual Community Festival and Health and Sport Fair in Brooklyn, NY.

In the United States we are Americans first but take equal pride in our individual and community heritage. And groups that tie those of common heritage together will inevitably strengthen our society at large. Shai Baitel, Proud Community, Proud Americans, Huffington Post, 11/22/2014

To read more News about the Annual Russian Heritage Month, please click here.

This program is supported, in part, by public funds from the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs, in partnership with the City Council, and by the New York City Department of Youth and Community Development.

2015 Events

The Memory of Time and Space: Russian-American-Women Artists in Dialogue June 1 June 11 Mon Sat: 10 am 5 pm. Sat Sun 11am 5 pm The National Arts Club, Gregg Gallery. 15 Gramercy Park South, New York, NY Free Admission The third annual installment of The Memory of Time and Space brings together two of the Russian diasporas most inventive and exciting visualartists, Yelena Lezhen and Anya Rubin. Drawing from their personal experiences as well as a wide range of materials and techniques, Lezhenand Rubin have created strikingly individual treatments of gender, memory, and immigrant life.This is a unique opportunity to experience their work in dialogue. Image: Anya Rubin Natalia2014, Yelena Lezhen Doves 2015

Helen Yarmak: Treasure Realms. Unique JewelryJune 1-June 10 Mon.-Fri. 10am-6 pm HelenYarmak International The Crown Building, 730 Fifth Avenue, 23rd fl. Penthouse NewYork, NY 10019

An exhibit of jewelry by world-famous artist Helen Yarmak.

Mastering Myth and Connecting to Spirit: Drawings by Dashi Namdakov and Historical Photographs of Shamanism from the Russian Museum of EthnographyJune1 June 20 Mon Sat 10 am 5 pm. Sat Sun 11am -5 pm Grand Gallery. The National Arts Club 15 Gramercy Park South New York, NY Free AdmissionThis exhibit pairs the graphic works of contemporary Russian artist Dashi Namdakov, who continues to develop the artistic traditions of past generations, with photographs of Russian shamanism,never seen before in America, from the collection of the Russian Museum of Ethnography. Presented in collaboration with Gallery Shchukin and the Russian Museum of Ethnography and with the support of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation. Image: D. Namdakov Horseman with bow 2012. Charcoal on Canvas

Film Premiere Two WomenJune 5, 6.30pm 8.30pm The National Arts Club, Sculpture Court. 15 Gramercy Park South, New York, NY Free Admission Seating is limited, RSVP@russianamericanfoundation.org This dazzling international adaptation of Ivan Turgenevs timeless masterpiece makes its U.S. debut.Set in the heart of Russias tumultuous nineteenth century, Two Women tells the story of an individualistic woman drawn intoa romantic rivalry with her own stepdaughter.Directed by Vera Glagoleva and featuring decorated global cast led by Ralph Fiennes (The Grand Budapest Hotel)and Sylvie Testud (La Vie En Rose), Two Women is an unforgettably charged look at human love, betrayal, and desire. Film director Vera Glagoleva in person.

Together in New York FestivalJune 7, 11 am 4 pmAsser Levy/Seaside Park West 5th Street, Brooklyn Free Admission Please join us for the Annual Community Festival and Health and Sport Fair, a full day of entertaining events and performancesby local and international artists. The event will include live music, dancing, chess tournament, performances by community youth groups such as M-Generation, Shostakovich School of Music Art and Dance, Latin Fiesta Balroom Dance Studio and many more. Special guests internationally acclaimed pop singerAvraam Russoand legendary folk ensemble Pesniary.You will also have a chance to enjoy samples of delicious traditional cuisine. Representatives of health care centers and community organizations will educate visitors.

Dmitry Bykov in conversation with Jonathan Brent Isaac Babel: Life and WorksJune 7, 6:30 pm 8 pm YIVO Institute for Jewish Research 15 West 16th Street New York, NY 10011 Admission:$25 General | $20 YIVO Members Box Office:yivo.org/events| 212-868-4444

Join prominent Russian poet, writer and journalist Dmitry Bykov and Jonathan Brent, Russian scholar and the Executive Director of the YIVO Institute for an intimate conversation about Isaac Babels Russian-Jewish identity, his life, the myth of Babel, and his contribution to literature. Presented in collaboration with the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research and RTVi.

Collectively Independent: An Exhibit of Russian-American Women ArtistsJune 12 June 20 Mon Sat 10 am 5 pm. Sat Sun 11am 5 pm The National Arts Club, Gregg Gallery. 15 Gramercy Park South, New York, NY Free Admission

Anexciting look at five emerging female artists, Yuliya Lanina, Valentina Loseva, Anya Roz, Anya Rubin and Irina Sheynfeld. Though working in disparate styles and genres from painting to photography and mechanical sculpture these artists remain deeply engagedwith their shared experiences of movement, femininity, and 21st Century American life.Presented in partnership with COJECO,Council of Jewish Emigre Community Organizations. Image:Yuliya Lanina Cowboy, music box, 2014

Leitmotiv in Russian Novels of the XIX and XX CenturiesJune 11,16:00-17:30 Kennan Institute, Wilson Center, 1300 Pennsylvania Ave. NW Washington DC, 20004 RSVP http://www.wilsoncenter.org/kennanFree Admission Seating is limited; first-come, first-served.June 13, 2 pmThe New York Public Library5th Ave at 42nd StreetNew York, NY 10018Free AdmissionSeating is limited; first-come, first-served.As part of its joint Exploring Russian Literature Series, the Kennan Institute, Wilson Center and the Russian American Foundation proudly present Mr. Dmitry Bykov, one of the most prolific Russian writers working today and biographer of Boris Pasternak, Bulat Okudzhava, and Maxim Gorky. All are invited to discover a hidden connection in the plots of three Russian great novels:Doctor Zhivago, Quiet Flows the Don, and Lolita. Mr. Bykov will discuss how all authors unwittingly described the same situation in their iconic masterpieces. This event is presented in collaboration with the New York Public Library and RTVi (Independent Russian TV Network).

Bukharian-Jewish Heritage FestivalJune 21, 12 pm 4 pm Bukharian Jewish Community Center 10616 70th Ave. Forest Hills, NY 11375 Free Admission The Bukharian-Jewishcommunity of Queens celebrates its heritage and talents at this afternoon of performances by the community youth groups and a fair. The festival will feature local health care organizations and medical centers will be working on site to educate visitors and offer free services.

Shtetl: Graphic Works And Sketches Of Solomon Yudovin (1920-1940) June 21 Sept 30 9 am 5 pm Sun -Thurs, 9 am -3 pm Fri, Closed Saturday YIVO Institute for Jewish Research 15 West 16th Street New York, NY 10011 Free AdmissionPresented incollaboration with the Russian Museum of Ethnography and YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, the exhibit features works of the renowned Russian-Jewish artist, ethnographer and scholar of Jewish traditional art, Solomon Yudovin. From the collections of the Russian Museum of Ethnography, St. Petersburg, and YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, NY.

Lives of the Great Patriotic War: The Untold Story of Jewish Soviet Soldiers in the Red Army During WW IIJune 22 August 30 Mon Sat: 10 am 5 pm. Sat Sun 11am 5 pm The National Arts Club, Gregg Gallery. 15 Gramercy Park South, New York, NY Free AdmissionIn honor of the 70th anniversary of the allied Victory and in commemoration of the 74th anniversary of the outbreak of war on the Eastern front,The Blavatnik Archive proudly presents Lives of the Great Patriotic War exhibit. Lives of the Great Patriotic War was produced and funded bythe Blavatnik Archive, and is made possible thanks to the participation of the nearly 1,200 veterans and their families in the Blavatnik ArchiveVeteran Oral History Project. Photo: Soviet soldiers in front of Reichstag. Berlin, 1945.

Philippe Quint & Friends: Hebrew RhapsodyJune 28, 6 pm 8 pm Zankel Hall at Carnegie Hall Admission: $30; $45 For concert tickets information visit http://www.carnegiehall.org Carnegie Charge 212-247-7800 or Box Office at 57th & SeventhThe concert of renowned Russian-American violinist marks the closing of the 13th Annual Russian Heritage Month . All proceeds from the evening will benefit the educational programs of the Russian American Foundation. Amongspecials guests are Carol Alt, Lera Auerbach, Alex Fiterstein, Matt Herskowitz, Kate Davis, Lara St. John, Joseph Malovany, Sara SantAmbrogio and M-Generation.Photo credit Benjamin Brolet

AFTERMATH June 29-August 30 Mon-Sat.10am-5pm The National Arts ClubMarquis Gallery 15Gramercy Park South New York, NY 10003Free Admission The photographs of Ross Den (born inUkraine) and Philip Grossman (born in the U.S.) showtheir experiences in Chernobyl, Ukraine and Israels war zones. Presented in collaboration with ProjectChernobyl. Photo: Ross Den

MORE EVENTS COMING SOON

Eventinformation, including featured appearances, is subject to change.This program is supported, in part, by public funds from the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs in partnership with the City Council.

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Annual Russian Heritage Month Russian American Foundation

May is Jewish American Heritage Month

Jewish historical societies and museums across the country are the keepers of colorful, enlightening, and surprising stories about the accomplishments and contributions of American Jewish men and women who have helped to weave the fabric of American history, culture, and society. Meet them here–the inventors, the philanthropists, the pioneers, the entrepreneurs–who have helped to make America great. Do you have a story about a Jewish American contribution to tell? Click here to submit your story for consideration. (JAHM reserves the right to edit or refuse any submission.)

Alabama

Samuel Ullman 1840-1924

Born in Hohenzollern-Hechingen in 1840, Samuel Ullman came to America was he was eleven. After spending many years in Mississippi, Samuel and his wife Emma moved to Birmingham, Alabama in 1884 and opened a hardware store. The same year he arrived in the “Pittsburgh of the South,” Ullman became president of Temple Emanu-El and joined the Birmingham Board of Education, on which he served for eighteen years. In 1899, Ullman persuaded the city to build its first permanent public high school. In board meetings, he would often arouse criticism due to his outspoken support of various controversial issues. He actively lobbied for the education of Birmingham’s black community, and convinced the board to open the Industrial High School for African Americans in 1900. The Birmingham school board later named an African-American high school in Ullman’s honor.

After he lost his hearing and retired from business, Ullman pursued his passion of writing poetry. One of his poems, entitled “Youth,” written while Ullman was in his 70s, was admired by General Douglas MacArthur, who hung a framed copy of it in his office in Tokyo during the years right after World War II and often quoted it during speeches. The poem, which begins with the lines “youth is not a time of life; it is a state of mind” became well-known in Japan due to MacArthur’s influence, and was beloved by many of its residents. More than two decades after his death, Ullman became a celebrated figure in Japan. In 1994, after a joint fund raising effort in Japan and the United States, the University of Alabama at Birmingham opened the Samuel Ullman Museum in his former home.

Text courtesy of Dr. Stuart Rockoff, Director, History Department, Institute of Southern Jewish Life

Alaska

Robert 1878-1974 And Jessie 1887-1980 Bloom

One untold story in American Jewish history is how two Irish Jews, Robert and Jessie Bloom, became Jewish pioneers of the Alaskan frontier.

Robert and Jessie were both raised in Dublin, Ireland. Robert came to Alaska as a young man in search of gold. Instead of riches, Robert found he loved the region and decided to stay, opening a hardware and general merchandise store in Fairbanks.

At age 21, Jessie left Dublin for London, England. There she became involved in the growing women’s suffrage movement. She joined the Women’s Freedom League and worked for passage of a suffrage law by selling pro-suffrage newspapers and attending rallies.

Robert and Jessie met in Dublin in 1910 and were married in 1912. Shortly thereafter the newlyweds moved to Alaska.

Together, the Blooms brought their Jewish identity to the frontier and helped create a Jewish community where none had previously existed. Robert was a founder of Congregation Bikkur Cholim in Fairbanks and served as chairman of Alaska’s Jewish Welfare Board. The couple also served as unofficial chaplains for Jewish servicemen stationed in Alaska during World War II.

The Blooms were involved in many activities during their long lives working in business and culture while always respecting the beauty and nature of Alaska’s wilderness. Robert Bloom helped to establish the first Air Force base in Alaska and was a founder of the University of Alaska (1918). Meanwhile, Jessie Spiro Bloom founded the Fairbanks kindergarten and first Girl Scout chapter in the state (1925).

The papers of Robert L. and Jessie S. Bloom reside at The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives on the historic Cincinnati campus of the Hebrew Union CollegeJewish Institute of Religion.

Arizona

Freeda Lewis 1885-1946

Born in Sellel, Russia, Freeda Lewis immigrated to Ontario, Canada as small child. She married a young lawyer named Barnett E. Marks in 1903, and in 1906 they moved to Phoenix, Arizona. An energetic volunteer and ardent Republican, Freeda served as legislative chairman of the Central Arizona District Federation of Women’s Clubs and president of the Phoenix section of the Council of Jewish Women. Her volunteer activities propelled her into political life where she held several significant appointed and elected posts in Arizona government.

Freeda Marks was not only a pioneer of women politicians, but an important Republican figure in the 20th century. She served as a national Republican committeewoman from 1920 to 1922, a 1922 minority leader in the legislature, and an elected associate member of the national committee as the Arizona member of the Republican national committee in 1928 at a time when there were only 2 Republican members. She was also an elected representative of Maricopa County in the sixth legislature and the Republican nominee for the speaker of the house.

Freeda was well liked by Arizona citizens and respected by her political peers. However, the Arizona activist was sometimes controversial. Not afraid to speak her mind, she once told the newspapers that “Senator Harrison needs to live and learn” when he criticized the presidential candidate, Calvin Coolidge.

Freeda retained her identity as a Jewish woman by remaining involved in Jewish charitable organizations throughout her life. Her tenacity and intelligence earned her general public admiration and local and national prominence.

Text courtesy of Emily Jacobson, Arizona Jewish Historical Society

Arkansas

Jane Mendel 1924-2006

In 1957, the court-ordered integration of Central High School was the first serious test of the Supreme Courts recent Brown v Board of Education ruling. Led by Governor Orval Faubus, the forces of resistance pulled out all the stops in their efforts to thwart the courts ruling. For Jane Mendel, staying on the sidelines was not an option. Born and raised in Toledo, Ohio, Mendel moved to Little Rock at age 19 after she married local boy Edwin Mendel. When the governor shut down Little Rocks public high school in September of 1958 rather than integrate, Mendel and other women created the Womens Emergency Committee to Open Our Schools (WEC) to fight against it.

The WEC became the public face of the fight for integrated public schools in Little Rock. Mendel was the keeper of the WECs top-secret telephone chain master list. When they needed the groups membership to mobilize, Mendel would activate the telephone chain. Through this system, over 2000 members could be reached in a short period of time. With Mendel at the helm, the WEC phone chain was able to quickly rally public opinion against segregationist proposals. Mendel was one of many Jewish women in Little Rock who were involved in the WEC.

An active member of the Little Rock Jewish community, the Jewish Federation created the Jane Mendel Tikkun Olam Award in 2003 to honor Jewish community leaders who fulfill the mitzvah of repairing the world. Jane Mendel died on January 20, 2006, after a lifetime of working to make her community a better place for everyone.

Text courtesy of Dr. Stuart Rockoff, Director, History Department, Institute of Southern Jewish Life

California

THELMA (TIBY) EISEN 1922-present

One of the most versatile and talented Jewish professional athletes in America was Gertrude “Tiby” Eisen. Born in Los Angeles in 1922, Tiby Eisen was a star of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, the only professional women’s league in baseball history. The women’s hardball league lasted from 1943 to 1954. One of at least four Jewish women in the AAGPBL, Eisen was its only Jewish superstar and a pioneer in American women’s sports.

The young Eisen was an outstanding athlete in her native Los Angeles and started playing semi-pro softball at age 14. When the AAGPBL was formed in 1943, Eisen won a spot on the Milwaukee team, which moved the next year to Grand Rapids, Michigan. Eisen’s best season was in 1946, when she led the AAGPBL in triples, stole 128 bases and made the all-star team.

Eisen’s family was ambivalent about the career choice this “nice Jewish girl” had made, although she ultimately won their respect. “We played a big charity game in Chicago for a Jewish hospital,” Eisen recalled in an interview with historian David Spaner. “My name and picture were in every Jewish newspaper. My uncle, who had said, ‘You shouldn’t be playing baseball you’ll get a bad reputation, a bad name,’ was in the stands . . . bursting with pride that I was there.”

When Eisen retired from professional baseball 1952, she settled in the Pacific Palisades area of Los Angeles and became a star for the Orange Lionettes softball team, leading them to a world championship. In 1993, she helped establish the women’s exhibit at the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, NY. Eisen told David Spaner, “We’re trying to record this so we have our place in history. It’s important to keep our baseball league in the limelight. It gets pushed into the background … [just as] women have been pushed into the background forever. If they knew more about our league, perhaps in the future some women will say, ‘Hey, maybe we can do it again.’”

Text courtesy of American Jewish Historical Society.

Colorado

Frances Wisebart Jacobs 1843-1892

Frances Wisebart Jacobs was a young bride of twenty in 1863 when she accompanied her new husband by covered wagon from Cincinnati to their first home in Central City, a burgeoning silver boom mining town about thirty miles west of Denver, in the Colorado Territory. In 1870, the family relocated to nearby Denver, where Bavarian-born Abraham became active in business and politics and Frances soon became an icon in the area of philanthropy, becoming known as Denver’s “Mother of Charities.” In 1872, Jacobs helped organize and soon served as president of the Hebrew Ladies’ Benevolent Society, and in 1874 she helped found the nonsectarian Denver Ladies’ Relief Society, primarily to aid Denver’s ill and impoverished, and served as the organization’s first vice president.

In 1887, Mrs. Jacobs, along with Reverend Myron Reed and Father William O’Ryan, organized a federation of Denver charities that was the forerunner of the Community Chest, which, in turn, evolved into the modern, national United Way. Especially concerned with the plight of tuberculosis victims, Frances was also the primary impetus behind the founding of the National Jewish Hospital for Consumptives (NJH), which opened in Denver in 1899 and served thousands of patients from all over the United States. In 1900, when sixteen portraits of pioneers were selected to be placed in the windows of the dome of the Colorado state capitol building, Jacobs was chosen as one of the small elite group and the only woman. When she died in 1892 at the age of forty-nine, nearly 2,000 people attended her funeral in recognition of her impact on philanthropy in Colorado.

Text courtesy of Jeanne Abrams, Rocky Mountain Jewish Historical Society and Beck Archives, Center for Judaic Studies and Penrose Library, University of Denver.

Ed Stein 1946-

Political cartoonist Ed Stein is a brilliant and an important member of the Denver community. Born November 22, 1946, Ed is an American cartoonist and former editorial cartoonist for the now-closed Rocky Mountain News in Denver. Stein drew editorial cartoons five days a week, and previously published a local daily comic strip called Denver Square. He continues to draw editorial cartoons, which are syndicated by United Media, and have been printed in newspapers across the world in many languages. On September 20, 2010, he launched a syndicated national comic strip, entitled “Freshly Squeezed.”

Ed Stein’s story is part of the Community Narratives Project, a video element of the Mizel Museum’s permanent exhibit, 4,000 Year Road Trip: Gathering Sparks. The project began in 2008 as a collaboration with the Center for Digital Storytelling to augment an exhibit called Voices of Resilience. Mizel Museum staff has built the collection of short digital stories to over 45, with an additional 15 audio-only segments about community members with stories from the Pale of Settlement during the Holocaust. The stories are a great vehicle for the museum to share the life experiences of the Denver Jewish community, as well as to teach about Jewish life and culture, immigration, and inspiring accounts from individuals who are working to repair the world. Community Narratives Project stories can be viewed in the permanent exhibit and on iPads that can be checked out during your museum visit.

Here is Ed Stein’s digital story: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CDuNT9TgRgE

Text courtesy of Mizel Museum

Connecticut

Louis “Kid” Kaplan 190001-1970

Louis “Kid” Kaplan was born in 1901 or 1902 in Russia. When he was a boy, his family came to Meriden, Connecticut, where his father became a junk dealer. After a grade school education, Kaplan entered boxing and had his first professional match at the age of 19. Kaplan became boxing’s World Featherweight Champion in 1925. He was considered by Ring Record Book to be one of the ten best featherweights of all time. In addition to his skill, he became known for his sportsmanship and integrity, refusing to “throw” matches for money. Retiring undefeated in 1933, Kaplan became an insurance agent under Abraham Goldstein, owned a liquor store, and opened a restaurant in Hartford. Kaplan died in 1970.

Text courtesy of Jewish Historical Society of Greater Hartford

Annie Fisher 1883-1968

Annie Fisher devoted her life to public school education in Hartford, instituting many reforms aimed at aiding immigrant children and those with special needs. Fisher came to America as a child with her family to escape the persecution of Jews in Russia. She received a scholarship to attend Wesleyan University during the Wesleyans early experiment with co-education. After graduation, Fisher returned to Hartford to teach. She received her first full-time position at Barnard School only because she could speak the language of the large immigrant population. Realizing that students of vastly different ages were being put in class together without testing or special help, Fisher evaluated students and designed programs that fit their skills. Fisher wrote two English textbooks for the foreign-born that were in use for many years. Fisher became Hartford’s first female district superintendent and first female principal, but sometimes had to suffer the prejudices of colleagues who didn’t want to accept a female or a Jew in these positions. Gradually, however, she won the respect of her colleagues who saw value in her reforms. She also worked on gaining reforms in salary and pensions for both female teachers and teachers in general. When she retired in 1945, Fisher was held in great esteem and a Hartford elementary school was later named in her honor.

Text courtesy of Jewish Historical Society of Greater Hartford

Florida

Moses Elias Levy 1782-1854 And David Levy Yulee 1810-1886

Moses Elias Levy was one of the antebellum South’s most influential and interesting Jews. Born in Morocco where his father was a courtier to the sultan, through his career as a merchant shipper in the Caribbean, he was also one of the earliest and largest developers in Florida. He purchased 92,000 acres that were part of the Arredondo Spanish land grant by 1819.

As a refuge for Jews fleeing persecution in Europe, Moses Levy founded Pilgrimage Plantation, the first Jewish communitarian settlement in America, in 1822. At least five German Jewish families lived there. The 1,000-acre plantation operated until 1835 and contained houses, a sugar mill, saw mill, corn mill, stable and blacksmith shop. Levy reintroduced sugar cane and fruit trees to Florida as viable crops and established the first sugar cane plantation in Alachua County.

Pilgrimage was the first residence in Florida of “the architect of Florida” David Levy Yulee, a son of Moses Levy. Yulee (the family’s ancestral name in Morocco), brought Florida into statehood in 1845; was Florida’s first U. S. Senator; the first person of Jewish ancestry to serve in the U.S. Congress; and built Florida’s first cross-state railroad.

Moses Levy was a civil rights activist and America’s first Jewish abolitionist author in 1828. An early advocate of public education for both boys and girls, he was instrumental in establishing Florida’s first free public school in St. Augustine and served as the territory’s first education commissioner.

Text courtesy of Marcia Jo Zerivitz, Founding Executive Director, Jewish Museum of Florida

Georgia

Louis Cohen 1849-1937

A banker, a railroad magnate, a public servant, and a philanthropist. All of these adjectives describe Louis Cohen of Sandersville, Georgia, a man whose community involvement helped to improve the lives of the people of Central Georgia.

Born in Germany in 1849 Louis Cohen immigrated with his parents to Georgia in 1852. Louis was raised in Americus, Georgia, and moved to Sandersville in 1877, where he established a general merchandise business. In 1885, along with Morris Happ, he established a banking house that later became the Banking House of Louis Cohen. Financial institutions, which had flourished in Georgia prior to the Civil War were few and far between in the next several decades which followed. The Banking House of Louis Cohen was one of only two in operation between Macon and Savannah. According to one account, the bank had worked a local miracle it “had emancipated our merchants from the bondage of the cotton factor and for the first time in history made the average merchant a free man.”

Described as “a conspicuous and worthy representative of that class of American citizens, native-born and naturalized, who have done so much toward rehabilitation the south and developing her magnificent possibilities,” Cohen led the campaign for the construction of the Sandersville and Tennille railway, serving as its president. This three mile shortline railroad is still in existence, providing excellent freight service to Washington County. In addition to his interests in the railroad and banking Cohn helped to establish the Sandersville-Tennile Telephone Company which later merged with Southern Bell, is credited with installing the first electric light system in Sandersville, served on the school board for 30 years, and was elected mayor of Sandersville in 1887.

Text courtesy of Sandy Berman, Archivist, The Breman Jewish Heritage & Holocaust Museum

Iowa

Louise Rosenfield Noun 1908-2002

Louise Rosenfield Noun, social activist, art collector, author, philanthropist, and co-founder of the Iowa Women’s Archives, was born in Des Moines, Iowa, to Meyer and Rose Rosenfield. Noun graduated from Grinnell College in 1929 and received her M.A. in art history from Harvard in 1933.

Noun is widely recognized for her leadership and commitment to a number of organizations and causes. She served as president of the Des Moines chapter of the League of Women Voters in 1948, the Iowa Civil Liberties Union from 1964 to 1972, and the Des Moines chapter of the National Organization for Women (NOW) from 1974 to 1976. She was a charter member of the Iowa Women’s Political Caucus and instrumental in establishing the Young Women’s Resource Center in Des Moines and the Chrysalis Foundation to provide assistance to Iowa women. Noun was elected to the Iowa Women’s Hall of Fame in 1981.

Louise Noun is also the author of several books including Strong-Minded Women: The Emergence of the Woman-Suffrage Movement in Iowa (1969); More Strong-Minded Women: Iowa Feminists Tell Their Stories (1992); Iowa Women in the WPA (1999); and Leader and Pariah: Annie Savery and the Campaign for Women’s Rights in Iowa (2002, posthumously).

With the sale from her collection of Frida Kahlo’s painting Self-Portrait with Loose Hair, Noun was able to endow the Iowa Women’s Archives (University of Iowa) along with her co-founder, Mary Louise Smith. The archives opened in 1992 as a repository for primary source material that documents the lives and experience of Iowa women.

This text is a condensed version of the finding aid for the Louise Rosenfield Noun papers at the Iowa Women’s Archives.

Alexander Levi 1809-1893

Alexander Levi has been credited with being the “founder of Jewry in Iowa.” He was born March 13, 1809 in Alsace, a province on France’s eastern border with Germany. Levi came to Dubuque on August 1, 1833, and opened a grocery store there. Over the years, he expanded his commercial operations into dry good, clothing and also the lead mining operations that were pivotal in the early settlement of Dubuque. Levi’s business interests were successful and he became one of Dubuque’s most prominent leaders. In 1847 Alexander Levi traveled back to France to marry a distant cousin, Minette Levi. They ultimately had five children: Eliza, Emile, Gustave, Celine (Celia), and Eugene.

In addition to his charitable contributions for Jewish causes, Levi’s philanthropy extended to the Presbyterian and Catholic Churches in Dubuque. He was instrumental in the formation of Dubuques first Jewish Congregation in the 1860s and contributed land for the Jewish section that became known as the Alexander Levi Cemetery Association of Dubuque. Alexander Levi died in Dubuque on March 31, 1893 and is buried in the cemetery section that he established. A tall obelisk marks the grave of Iowas first Jewish Pioneer.

In 1837, Levi traveled to St. Louis along with several other foreign born residents of the Iowa Territory. The story is told that as these men were standing in line waiting to become official citizens of the United States, the gentleman in front of Levi asked him to change places because he wanted to observe the process before taking part in it. Whether or not these were the actual circumstances in St. Louis, Alexander Levi is the first recorded foreigner to become a naturalized citizen in Iowa. Even more astounding is the fact that Iowa is the only state in the American Union in which the first naturalized citizen was a person of Jewish faith.

Text courtesy of the Iowa Jewish Historical Society, written by David Gradwohl for the Society’s newsletter, The CHAIowan 1 (1), 1998.

Louisiana

Judah Touro 1775-1854

Raised in Rhode Island, where his father was the leader of the Newport congregation, Judah Touro arrived in New Orleans in 1801. Using his contacts in New England, Touro built a successful trading businesses as a broker and wholesaler of goods made in the northeast and Europe. Touro purchased a lot of property in New Orleans as the city emerged as a commercial center of the American South. During the Battle of New Orleans, Touro fought heroically and suffered a serious wound. After his injury, Touro became a recluse, rarely venturing out in public as he continued to manage his significant financial interests.

Touro was not involved in the founding of the citys first Jewish congregation, and at first seemed more interested in supporting local Christian churches. He had bought a pew in a local Episcopal Church and bought the building of First Presbyterian Church so the congregation would not be evicted. Later in his life, Touro began to offer more financial support to Jewish institutions in the city, donating a building to the new congregation Dispersed of Judah. He also helped the Gates of Mercy congregation in their fundraising drive to build a synagogue. In 1854, he established Touro Infirmary, a charity hospital supported by the local Hebrew Benevolent Association. When Touro died in 1854, his will included many donations to Jewish institutions around the country, including over $100,000 to Jewish causes in New Orleans. Touro, who had little contact with the organized Jewish community during his lifetime, had become the first great Jewish philanthropist, whose largesse benefited congregations across the United States.

Text courtesy of Dr. Stuart Rockoff, Director, History Department, Institute of Southern Jewish Life

Maryland

Henrietta Szold 1860-1945

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May is Jewish American Heritage Month

Biden: ‘Jewish heritage is American heritage’ – POLITICO

By Jennifer Epstein

05/21/13, 08:07 PM EDT

Vice President Joe Biden spoke at length Tuesday night about the influence of Judaism on the United States, dating back to the country’s founding and to the present day as Jews helped shape views on gay rights.

The truth is that Jewish heritage, Jewish culture, Jewish values are such an essential part of who we are that its fair to say that Jewish heritage is American heritage, he said. The Jewish people have contributed greatly to America. No group has had such an outsized influence per capita as all of you standing before you, and all of those who went before me and all of those who went before you.

Biden spoke for nearly 20 minutes at the American Institute of Architects building in Washington, at times improvising after asking that the teleprompter machine that had been set up in the event space be taken down. (He joked about President Obama’s reliance on the machine, but later gave Obama credit, noting he “sends his best” but is “otherwise occupied with a few problems.”)

You make up 11 percent of the seats in the United States Congress. You make up one-third of all Nobel laureates, he said. So many notions that are embraced by this nation that particularly emanate from over 5,000 years of Jewish history, tradition and culture: independence, individualism, fairness, decency, justice, charity. These are all as you say, as I learned early on as a Catholic being educated by my friends, this tzedakah.

The embrace of immigration is part of that, as is the involvement of Jews in social justice movements.

You cant talk about the civil rights movement in this country without talking about Jewish freedom riders and Jack Greenberg, he said, telling a story about seeing a group of Jewish activists at a segregated movie theater in Delaware. You cant talk about the womens movement without talking about Betty Friedan or American advances in science and technology without mentioning Einstein and Carl Sagan, or music and Gershwin, Bob Dylan and so, so, so many other people.

I believe what affects the movements in America, what affects our attitudes in America are as much the culture and the arts as anything else, he said. Thats why he spoke out on gay marriage apparently a little ahead of time.

It wasnt anything we legislatively did. It was Will and Grace, it was the social media. Literally. Thats what changed peoples attitudes. Thats why I was so certain that the vast majority of people would embrace and rapidly embrace gay marriage, Biden said.

Think behind of all that, I bet you 85 percent of those changes, whether its in Hollywood or social media are a consequence of Jewish leaders in the industry. The influence is immense, the influence is immense. And, I might add, it is all to the good, he said.

Jews have also been key to the evolution of American jurisprudence, he continued, namedropping Brandeis, Fortas, Frankfurter, Cardozo, Ginsberg, Breyer, Kagan. You literally cant. You cant talk about the recognition of rights in the Constitution without looking at these incredible jurists that weve had.

Jewish heritage has shaped who we are all of us, us, me as much or more than any other factor in the last 223 years. And thats a fact,” he said.

We talk about it in terms of the incredible accomplishments and contributions of Jews in America, Biden added, but its deeper because the values, the values are so deep and so engrained in American culture, in our Constitution.

So I think you, as usual, underestimate the impact of Jewish heritage. I really mean that. I think you vastly underestimate the impact youve had on the development of this nation. We owe you, we owe generations who came before you,” he said.

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Biden: ‘Jewish heritage is American heritage’ – POLITICO

Asian Pacific American Heritage Month – Wikipedia, the …

Asian Pacific American Heritage Month (APAHM), now officially proclaimed Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month,[1] takes place in May and is a celebration of the culture, traditions, and history of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in the United States.

In June 1977 Reps. Frank Horton of New York and Norman Y. Mineta of California introduced a United States House of Representatives resolution to proclaim for the first ten days of May as Asian-Pacific Heritage Week.[2][3][4] A similar bill was introduced in the Senate a month later by Daniel Inouye and Spark Matsunaga.[2] “The month of May was chosen to commemorate the immigration of the first Japanese to the United States on May 7, 1843, and to mark the anniversary of the completion of the transcontinental railroad on May 10, 1869. The majority of the workers who laid the tracks were Chinese immigrants.”[2][5] President Jimmy Carter would sign a joint resolution for the celebration on October 5, 1978.[2]

In 1990, George H.W. Bush signed a bill passed by Congress to extend Asian-American Heritage Week to a month.;[2][6][7] May would be officially designated as Asian-Pacific American Heritage Month two years later.[5][8][9]

During APAHM, communities celebrate the achievements and contributions of Asian and Pacific Americans with community festivals, government-sponsored activities and educational activities for students.

Northeast and East:

West Coast:

South and Southeast:

Midwest:

(federal) = federal holidays, (state) = state holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (week) = weeklong holidays, (month) = monthlong holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies Bolded text indicates major holidays that are commonly celebrated by Americans, which often represent the major celebrations of the month.[1][2]

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Asian Pacific American Heritage Month – Wikipedia, the …

Stories – Jewish American Heritage Month

Since arriving in New Amsterdam (present day New York City) in 1654, the Jewish people have achieved great success, toiling tirelessly in strengthening the nation and in their commitments to faith and family. These stories are the ties that bind their heritage to the chord of American history.

This exhibition follows the Jewish experience from American settlement in 1654 to present day successes and challenges 350 years later. In telling the story of the diverse group of immigrants, the presentation examines their efforts in acclimating themselves to American society while asserting their right to be individuals.

The artifacts on display on this web site are drawn from the library, archival, and museum collections of the five partner organizations of the Center for Jewish History. They represent only a small sample of the resources that provide scholars and the public with the opportunity for in-depth exploration of the American Jewish experience and other topics in Jewish history.

The Jews in America.org web site is supported by the National Endowment for the Humanities (external link)

An oral history project documenting the life experiences of Holocaust survivors from the end of World War II to the present time, this presentation documents the stories of six Holocaust survivors who emigrated to the U.S. and reveals the complexity of starting over.

In 1925, Florence Prag Kahn succeeded her late husband Julius in a San Francisco-based U.S. House seat, becoming the first Jewish woman to serve in Congress. Not content with the tradtional widow’s role as a temporary placeholder, she would enjoy a 12-year congressional career of her own and blazed a trail for women seeking political office.

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Stories – Jewish American Heritage Month

American Jews – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

County Jewish population % of total 1 Rockland County, New York 91,300 31.4% 2 Kings County, New York 561,000 22.4% 3 New York County, New York 314,500 19.9% 4 Palm Beach County, Florida 255,550 19.4% 5 Nassau County, New York 230,000 17.2% 6 Westchester County, New York 136,000 14.3% 7 Broward County, Florida 206,700 11.8% 8 Montgomery County, Maryland 113,000 11.6% 9 Ocean County, New Jersey 61,500 10.7% 10 Marin County, California 26,100 10.3% 11 Bergen County, New Jersey 92,500 10.2% 12 Monmouth County, New Jersey 64,000 10.2% 13 Sullivan County, New York 7,425 9.6% 14 Norfolk County, Massachusetts 63,600 9.5% 15 Queens County, New York 198,000 8.9% 16 Orange County, New York 32,300 8.7% 17 San Francisco County, California 65,800 8.2% 18 Montgomery County, Pennsylvania 64,500 8.1% 19 Middlesex County, Massachusetts 113,800 7.6% 20 Baltimore County, Maryland 60,000 7.5% 21 Lake County, Illinois 51,300 7.3% 21 Richmond County, New York 34,000 7.3% 23 Santa Clara County, California 128,000 7.2% 24 Arlington County, Virginia 14,000 6.7% 24 San Mateo County, California 47,800 6.7% 26 Bucks County, Pennsylvania 41,400 6.6% 26 Ventura County, California 54,000 6.6% 28 Middlesex County, New Jersey 52,000 6.4% 29 Camden County, New Jersey 32,100 6.2% 29 Essex County, New Jersey 48,800 6.2% 31 Falls Church City, Virginia 750 6.1% 32 Morris County, New Jersey 29,700 6.0% 32 Howard County, Maryland 17,200 6.0% 34 Somerset County, New Jersey 19,000 5.9% County Jewish population % of total 35 Suffolk County, New York 86,000 5.8% 36 Cuyahoga County, Ohio 70,300 5.5% 37 Fulton County, Georgia 50,000 5.4% 38 Los Angeles County, California 518,000 5.3% 39 Ozaukee County, Wisconsin 4,500 5.2% 40 Fairfield County, Connecticut 47,200 5.1% 40 Oakland County, Michigan 61,200 5.1% 42 Baltimore City, Maryland 30,900 5.0% 42 St. Louis County, Missouri 49,600 5.0% 44 Nantucket County, Massachusetts 500 4.9% 45 Union County, New Jersey 25,800 4.8% 45 Denver County, Colorado 28,700 4.8% 45 Sonoma County, California 23,100 4.8% 48 Washington, District of Columbia 28,000 4.7% 49 Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania 66,800 4.4% 49 Pitkin County, Colorado 750 4.4% 51 Arapahoe County, Colorado 24,600 4.3% 51 Geauga County, Ohio 4,000 4.3% 51 Atlantic County, New Jersey 11,700 4.3% 51 Miami-Dade County, Florida 106,300 4.3% 55 Cook County, Illinois 220,200 4.2% 55 Chester County, Pennsylvania 20,900 4.2% 57 Boulder County, Colorado 12,000 4.1% 58 Passaic County, New Jersey 20,000 4.0% 59 Albany County, New York 12,000 3.9% 59 Alameda County, California 59,100 3.9% 59 Putnam County, New York 3,900 3.9% 59 Bronx County, New York 54,000 3.9% 63 Delaware County, Pennsylvania 21,000 3.8% 64 Suffolk County, Massachusetts 27,000 3.7% 64 Clark County, Nevada 72,300 3.7% 66 DeKalb County, Georgia 25,000 3.6% 66 Fairfax County, Virginia 38,900 3.6% 68 Alexandria, Virginia 4,900 3.5% County Jewish population % of total 69 Napa County, California 4,600 3.4% 69 Dutchess County, New York 10,000 3.4% 69 Schenectady County, New York 5,200 3.4% 72 Fairfax City, Virginia 750 3.3% 72 Hartford County, Connecticut 29,600 3.3% 72 Allegheny County, Pennsylvania 40,500 3.3% 72 Berkshire County, Massachusetts 4,300 3.3% 76 Ulster County, New York 5,900 3.2% 77 New Haven County, Connecticut 27,100 3.1% 77 Contra Costa County, California 32,100 3.1% 79 Essex County, Massachusetts 22,300 3.0% 80 Sussex County, New Jersey 4,300 2.9% 80 San Diego County, California 89,000 2.9% 80 Burlington County, New Jersey 12,900 2.9% 83 Orange County, California 83,750 2.8% 83 Johnson County, Kansas 15,000 2.8% 85 Pinellas County, Florida 25,000 2.7% 85 Multnomah County, Oregon 20,000 2.7% 85 Hamilton County, Ohio 21,400 2.7% 88 Sarasota County, Florida 9,950 2.6% 88 Monroe County, New York 19,000 2.6% 90 Hennepin County, Minnesota 29,300 2.5% 90 Cobb County, Georgia 17,300 2.5% 90 Broomfield County, Colorado 1,400 2.5% 90 Collier County, Florida 8,000 2.5% 90 Mercer County, New Jersey 9,000 2.5% 95 Cumberland County, Maine 6,775 2.4% 95 Seminole County, Florida 10,000 2.4% 97 Cherokee County, Georgia 5,000 2.3% 97 Santa Fe County, New Mexico 3,300 2.3% 97 Hampden County, Massachusetts 10,600 2.3% 97 Santa Cruz County, California 6,000 2.3% 97 Dukes County, Massachusetts 300 2.3% Assimilation and population changes[edit]

These parallel themes have facilitated the extraordinary economic, political, and social success of the American Jewish community, but also have contributed to widespread cultural assimilation.[66] More recently however, the propriety and degree of assimilation has also become a significant and controversial issue within the modern American Jewish community, with both political and religious skeptics.[67]

While not all Jews disapprove of intermarriage, many members of the Jewish community have become concerned that the high rate of interfaith marriage will result in the eventual disappearance of the American Jewish community. Intermarriage rates have risen from roughly 6% in 1950 and 25% in 1974,[68] to approximately 4050% in the year 2000.[69] By 2013, the intermarriage rate had risen to 71%.[70] This, in combination with the comparatively low birthrate in the Jewish community, has led to a 5% decline in the Jewish population of the United States in the 1990s. In addition to this, when compared with the general American population, the American Jewish community is slightly older.

A third of intermarried couples provide their children with a Jewish upbringing, and doing so is more common among intermarried families raising their children in areas with high Jewish populations.[71] The Boston area, for example, is exceptional in that an estimated 60% percent of children of intermarriages are being raised Jewish, meaning that intermarriage would actually be contributing to a net increase in the number of Jews.[72] As well, some children raised through intermarriage rediscover and embrace their Jewish roots when they themselves marry and have children.

In contrast to the ongoing trends of assimilation, some communities within American Jewry, such as Orthodox Jews, have significantly higher birth rates and lower intermarriage rates, and are growing rapidly. The proportion of Jewish synagogue members who were Orthodox rose from 11% in 1971 to 21% in 2000, while the overall Jewish community declined in number.[73] In 2000, there were 360,000 so-called “ultra-orthodox” (Haredi) Jews in USA (7.2%).[74] The figure for 2006 is estimated at 468,000 (9.4%).[74] Data from the Pew Center shows that as of 2013, 27% of American Jews under the age of 18 live in Orthodox households, a dramatic increase from Jews aged 18 to 29, only 11% of whom are Orthodox. The UJA-Federation of New York reports that 60% of Jewish children in the New York City area live in Orthodox homes. In addition to economizing and sharing, Orthodox communities depend on government aid to support their high birth rate and large families. The Hasidic village of New Square, New York receives Section 8 housing subsidies at a higher rate than the rest of the region, and half of the population in the Hasidic village of Kiryas Joel, New York receive food stamps, while a third receive Medicaid.[75]

About half of the American Jews are considered to be religious. Out of this 2,831,000 religious Jewish population, 92% are non-Hispanic white, 5% Hispanic (Most commonly from Argentina, Venezuela, or Cuba), 1% Asian (Mostly Bukharian and Persian Jews), 1% Black and 1% Other (mixed race etc.). Almost this many non-religious Jews exist in United States, the proportion of Whites being higher than that among the religious population.[76]

Approximately 7.5% to 10% of American Jews are not classified as white, generally a result of interracial parents, adoption, or conversion to Judaism.[80] However, the relationship of Jews to whiteness remains complex, and some Americans of Jewish descent do not self-identify as white.[20][81][82][83]

The American Jewish community includes African American Jews and other American Jews of African descent (such as American Beta Israel), excluding North African Jewish Americans, who are considered Sephardi and are thus classified as white. Estimates of the number of American Jews of African descent in the United States range from 20,000[84] to 200,000.[85] Jews of African descent belong to all of American Jewish denominations. Like their white Jewish counterparts, some black Jews are Jewish atheists or ethnic Jews.

Notable African-American Jews include Lisa Bonet, Sammy Davis, Jr., Rashida Jones, Yaphet Kotto, Jordan Farmar, Taylor Mays, and rabbis Capers Funnye and Alysa Stanton.

Relations between American Jews of African descent and other Jewish Americans are generally cordial. There are, however, disagreements with a specific minority among African-Americans who consider themselves, but not other Jews, to be the true descendants of the Israelites of the Torah. They are generally not considered to be members of the mainstream Jewish community, since they have not formally converted to Judaism, nor are they ethnically related to other Jews. One such group, the African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem, emigrated to Israel and was granted permanent residency status there.

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American Jews – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Remarks by the President on Jewish American Heritage Month

The White House

Office of the Press Secretary

For Immediate Release

May 22, 2015

Adas Israel Congregation Washington, D.C.

10:57 A.M. EDT

THE PRESIDENT: Thank you so much. (Applause.) Thank you, everybody. (Applause.) Thank you. Well, good morning, everybody!

AUDIENCE: Good morning!

THE PRESIDENT: A slightly early Shabbat Shalom. (Laughter.) I want to thank Rabbi Steinlauf for the very kind introduction. And to all the members of the congregation, thank you so much for such an extraordinary and warm welcome.

I want to thank a couple of outstanding members of Congress who are here. Senator Michael Bennet — where did Michael Bennet go? There he is. (Applause.) And Representative Sandy Levin, who is here. (Applause.) I want to thank our special envoy to combat anti-Semitism, Ira Forman, for his important work. There he is. (Applause) But as I said, most of all I want to thank the entire congregation of Adas Israel for having me here today.

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Remarks by the President on Jewish American Heritage Month

Jewish American Heritage Month 2015 May 26

admin | May 26, 2015

Ok, Ive read the book and was looking forward to seeing the Anne frank house. We got there late in the day, which I would recommend, like two hours before it closes and mid week.

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Moving experience… – Review of Anne Frank House (Anne …

Category: Anne Frank | Comments Off on Moving experience Review of Anne Frank House (Anne Tags: a-took-away, book, book-on-the, determined, frank-house, generated, hours-before, house, museum, read-the-book, review, subjective, the-subjective, wall, were-really

admin | May 26, 2015

The West Bank (Arabic: , Hebrew: , Hagadah Hamaaravit), also known as Judea and Samaria, is a landlocked territory on the west bank of the Jordan River in the Middle East. The area is regarded by many Jews as the birthplace of the Jewish peoples and is the location of the main Jewish religious sites and tombs

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West Bank – New World Encyclopedia

Category: West Bank | Comments Off on West Bank New World Encyclopedia Tags: dead, east, highest, hills, Israel, jordan-riverthe, judea, palestinian

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Jewish American Heritage Month 2015 May 26

National Jewish American Heritage Month: What It Means to …

Jewish American values are woven into the fabric of American life and have shaped the progress weve made as a country. That history has fundamentally shaped the Presidents personal views and leadership. As he told The Atlantics Jeffrey Goldberg:

“To me, being pro-Israel and pro-Jewish is part and parcel with the values that I’ve been fighting for since I was politically conscious and started getting involved in politics. Theres a direct line between supporting the right of the Jewish people to have a homeland and to feel safe and free of discrimination and persecution, and the right of African Americans to vote and have equal protection under the law.”

Today at 11:00 am ET, in honor of National Jewish American Heritage Month, President Obama will address the Adas Israel congregation in Washington, D.C., the first synagogue in the U.S. to be addressed by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Watch his remarks live:

Before the President speaks, he’ll meet with a few leaders from the American Jewish community who exemplify the many ways that American Jews contribute to and strengthen our country. And we wanted to share a first look with you.

Rabbi Shira Stutman Sixth & I, Washington, D.C.

As the Director of Jewish Programming at a historic nondenominational synagogue, Rabbi Stutman works daily tobuild the Jewish community for young professionals in the city. To her, the Jewish faith is about recognizing the joy that comes from a community of people who are interested in deepening themselves and bettering the world to bringing justice to all who deserve it and to make that tradition real and relevant for future generations. Her favorite t-shirt reads: This is what a real rabbi looks like.

When my great-grandfather came to America from Russia in the early days of the 20th century, his name was Joseph Address. He kept that name through his journey from Ellis Island to South Philadelphia. And through the years that it took him, a tailor, to scrape together enough money to open his own shop. With his final pennies, he hired someone to write his name, in golden script, on the front window: ‘Andress Tailor Shop’ it read. The painter has misspelled his name.

“My great-grandfather did not have the English skills to fight it out with the painter, nor did he have the money to get it repainted. So Andress it became. Many immigrants have a story like minenot the exact same story, of course, but a story of a poor ancestor who came to this country with little to nothing and built it into something. I love these stories, romanticized and hyperbolized as they usually are. Once upon a time, we were all strangers here. Once upon a time, no one cared enough to learn our names.

“Too many Americans still feel like strangers in this countryor, even worse, are treated as such by those around them. At the intersection of my family storymy proud Jewish identity, and my proud American identity–is the demand that I work to bring justice to every American, that we learn each others names and stories, that we take responsibility for each other. That we participate in the work of social justice, which requires that we work with directly affected people, recognize our privilege, and use our power to make lasting change that people really need.

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National Jewish American Heritage Month: What It Means to …

Full text of Obama’s speech for Jewish American Heritage …

Remarks by President Barack Obama on May 22, to Adas Israel Synagogue in Washington DC marking Jewish American Heritage Month.

THE PRESIDENT: A slightly early Shabbat Shalom. I want to thank Rabbi Steinlauf for the very kind introduction. And to all the members of the congregation, thank you so much for such an extraordinary and warm welcome.

I want to thank a couple of outstanding members of Congress who are here. Senator Michael Bennet where did Michael Bennet go? There he is. And Representative Sandy Levin, who is here. I want to thank our special envoy to combat anti-Semitism, Ira Forman, for his important work. There he is. But as I said, most of all I want to thank the entire congregation of Adas Israel for having me here today.

Earlier this week, I was actually interviewed by one of your members, Jeff Goldberg. And Jeff reminded me that he once called me the first Jewish President. Now, since some people still seem to be wondering about my faith I should make clear this was an honorary title. But I was flattered.

And as an honorary member of the tribe, not to mention somebody whos hosted seven White House Seders and been advised by and been advised by two Jewish chiefs of staff, I can also proudly say that Im getting a little bit of the hang of the lingo. But I will not use any of the Yiddish-isms that Rahm Emanuel taught me because I want to be invited back. Lets just say he had some creative new synonyms for Shalom.

Now, I wanted to come here to celebrate Jewish American Heritage Month because this congregation, like so many around the country, helps us to tell the American story. And back in 1876, when President Grant helped dedicate Adas Israel, he became the first sitting President in history to attend a synagogue service. And at the time, it was an extraordinarily symbolic gesture not just for America, but for the world.

And think about the landscape of Jewish history. Tomorrow night, the holiday of Shavuot marks the moment that Moses received the Torah at Mount Sinai, the first link in a chain of tradition that stretches back thousands of years, and a foundation stone for our civilization. Yet for most of those years, Jews were persecuted not embraced by those in power. Many of your ancestors came here fleeing that persecution. The United States could have been merely another destination in that ongoing diaspora. But those who came here found that America was more than just a country. America was an idea. America stood for something. As George Washington wrote to the Jews of Newport, Rhode Island: The United States gives to bigotry no sanction, to persecution no assistance.

Its important for us to acknowledge that too often in our history we fell short of those lofty ideals in the legal subjugation of African Americans, through slavery and Jim Crow; the treatment of Native Americans. And far too often, American Jews faced the scourge of anti-Semitism here at home. But our founding documents gave us a North Star, our Bill of Rights; our system of government gave us a capacity for change. And where other nations actively and legally might persecute or discriminate against those of different faiths, this nation was called upon to see all of us as equal before the eyes of the law. When other countries treated their own citizens as wretched refuse, we lifted up our lamp beside the golden door and welcomed them in. Our country is immeasurably stronger because we did.

Anti-Semitism is, and always will be, a threat to broader human values to which we all must aspire. And when we allow anti-Semitism to take root, then our souls are destroyed, and it will spread.

From Einstein to Brandeis, from Jonas Salk to Betty Friedan, American Jews have made contributions to this country that have shaped it in every aspect. And as a community, American Jews have helped make our union more perfect. The story of Exodus inspired oppressed people around the world in their own struggles for civil rights. From the founding members of the NAACP to a freedom summer in Mississippi, from womens rights to gay rights to workers rights, Jews took the heart of Biblical edict that we must not oppress a stranger, having been strangers once ourselves.

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Obama to mark Jewish heritage month at DC synagogue | The …

WASHINGTON US President Barack Obama will address a Washington congregation to mark Jewish American Heritage Month.

White House spokesman Eric Schultz, announcing the presidents schedule for next week, said that next Friday, May 22, Obama would speak at Adas Israel, a Conservative movement synagogue in the citys northwest quadrant.

On Friday, The president will travel to the congregation of Adas Israel, one of the largest congregations here in Washington, to deliver remarks in celebration of Jewish American Heritage Month, which recognizes contributions of Jewish Americans to American society and culture, Schultz said Friday.

Obamas visit would be during the daytime, and would not coincide with Sabbath eve services, an Adas congregant said.

The announcement of the visit comes as the White House gears up a charm offensive targeting American Jews and Israelis in the wake of months of tensions between the Israeli and American governments.

Referring in a Thursday news conference to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahus new right-wing government, Obama said the prospect of peace seems quite distant now.

Obamas May 22 visit to the synagogue coincides with the Solidarity Sabbath, an initiative of the Lantos Foundation for Human Rights and Justice that calls on world leaders to show solidarity with victims of anti-Semitism.

Twelve members of the US Congress and a number of European ambassadors will attend synagogues on May 22 and participate in other activities to show their concern about anti-Semitism.

The Lantos Foundation is named for the late Tom Lantos, the only Holocaust survivor elected to Congress. Lantos, a California Democrat, was noted for his focus on human rights and chaired the US House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee in 2007-08.

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Obama to mark Jewish heritage month at DC synagogue | The …

Obama to to mark Jewish heritage month at D.C. synagogue …

WASHINGTON (JTA) President Barack Obama will address a Washington congregation to mark Jewish American Heritage Month.

White House spokesman Eric Schultz, announcing the presidents schedule for next week, said that next Friday, May 22, Obama would speak at Adas Israel, a Conservative movement synagogue in the citys northwest quadrant.

On Friday, The president will travel to the congregation of Adas Israel, one of the largest congregations here in Washington, to deliver remarks in celebration of Jewish American Heritage Month, which recognizes contributions of Jewish Americans to American society and culture, Schultz said Friday.

Obamas visit would be during the daytime, and would not coincide with Sabbath eve services, an Adas congregant said.

The announcement of the visit comes as the White House gears up a charm offensive targeting American Jews and Israelis in the wake of months of tensions between the Israeli and American governments.

Referring in a Thursday news conference to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahus new right-wing government, Obama said the prospect of peace seems quite distant now.

Obamas May 22 visit to the synagogue coincides with the Solidarity Sabbath, an initiative of the Lantos Foundation for Human Rights and Justice thatcalls on world leaders to show solidarity with victims of anti-Semitism.

Twelve members of the U.S. Congress and a number of European ambassadors will attend synagogues on May 22 and participate in other activities to show their concern about anti-Semitism.

The Lantos Foundation is named for the late Tom Lantos, the only Holocaust survivor elected to Congress. Lantos, a California Democrat, was noted for his focus on human rights and chaired the U.S. House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee in 2007-08.

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Obama to to mark Jewish heritage month at D.C. synagogue …

Jewish American Heritage Month 2015 May 12

admin | May 12, 2015

Hamas (Arabic: ams, an acronym of arakat al-Muqwamah al-Islmiyyah Islamic Resistance Movement) is a Palestinian Islamic[10] organization, with an associated military wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades,[11] in the Palestinian territories and elsewhere in the Middle East including Qatar.[12] Hamas is designated as a terrorist organization by Canada,[13]Israel, Japan,[14][15] and the United States.[16]Australia and the United Kingdom have designated the military wing of Hamas, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, as a terrorist organization.[17][18] The organization is banned in Jordan.[19] It is not regarded as a terrorist organization by Iran, Russia,[20]Norway,[21]Switzerland,[22]Brazil,[23]Turkey,[24]China,[25][26][27][28] and Qatar.[29] Based on the principles of Islamism gaining momentum throughout the Arab world in the 1980s, Hamas was founded sometime in 1988[30] soon after the First Intifada broke out, as an offshoot of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood,[3][4] which in its Gaza branch had been non-confrontational towards Israel, refrained from resistance, and was hostile to the PLO.[31] Co-founder Sheik Ahmed Yassin stated in 1987, and the Hamas Charter affirmed in 1988, that Hamas was founded to liberate Palestine, including modern-day Israel, from Israeli occupation and to establish an Islamic state in the area that is now Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.[32][33] The group has later stated that it may accept a 10-year truce if Israel withdraws to the 1967 borders and allows Palestinian refugees from 1948, as well as their descendants, to return to what is now Israel.[34][35][36][37] The military wing of Hamas has launched attacks against Israeli soldiers and civilians. Tactics include suicide bombings, and since 2001, rocket attacks.[38][38][39][40][41][42][43] Hamass rocket arsenal has evolved from short-range, homemade Qassam rockets, to long-range weapons that have reached major Israeli cities including Tel Aviv and Haifa.[44][45] The attacks on civilians have been condemned as war crimes and crimes against humanity by human rights groups such as Human Rights Watch.[46][47] In the January 2006 Palestinian parliamentary elections, Hamas won a decisive majority in the Palestinian Parliament,[48] defeating the PLO-affiliated Fatah party. Following the elections, the Quartet (the United States, Russia, United Nations, and European Union) made future foreign assistance to the PA conditional upon the future governments commitment to non-violence, recognition of the state of Israel, and acceptance of previous agreements.

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Hamas – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Category: Hamas | Comments Off on Hamas Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Tags: council, Egypt, elections, israeli, middle-east-, military, political, qassam-brigades, russia, social, united-kingdom-, west

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Jewish American Heritage Month 2015 May 12